India has always been an abode of diverse cultures and traditions. Unity in diversity has been the cultural principle since its inception and has shown continuity across the times.
Tribal community constitutes a significant proportion of Indian population and their concerns are of paramount importance to the government as well as various think tanks working for their rights and benefits. Tribes have come a long way from isolated habitats to mainstreamed governance. Due to their self sufficient economies, geographical isolation, local dialects and inward gazing social structure in terms of basic institutions of marriage, religion, and political participation, etc., tribes have lead an independent lifestyle making use of local resources available to them. Their cultural distinctiveness is marked in their life style due to their commitment to ecological niche, customs, forest conservation and expressive traditions.
Tribal tourism is a showcase of tribal life, art, culture and heritage. Tribal tourism enables interaction between the tourists and the local residents for an enriching experience.
Indigenous tourist attractions include museums and cultural villages, nature-based tours, Indigenous fairs and festivals or events and art galleries. Cultural, environmental and spiritual aspects of Indigenous heritage and traditions are especially featured in Indigenous tourism. The UN Commission on Sustainable Development highlighted the key role of Indigenous peoples in the conservation of natural areas and species on their lands. Indigenous people comprise five percent of the world‟s population but embody 80% of the world‟s cultural diversity. They are estimated to occupy 20% of the world‟s land surface but nurture 80% of the world‟s biodiversity on ancestral lands and territories. India has a large number of tribal people who still belong to a social set-up, of which very little is known. These tribes who stay in different parts of the country are still to come out of their traditional way of life and join the mainstream.
Not-with-standing this apparent aloofness, these tribes are very much a part of Indian society. Having a culture and tradition that is distinctly different from others, the tribes still occupy the yet to be discovered horizons. Modern India has many indigenous tribes, that even today, have been able to retain their primitive customs and their lives are directly associated with their natural surroundings. The tribals in India, are the pro-environmental communities who are fighting to protect rivers, lands and forests that are the sources of their livelihood. The congruity that exists between local tribal and Nature only helps in making tribal territories full of exotic biodiversities. In the western part of the country, in Rajasthan and Gujarat one can witness a way of life that is colorful, while in South India, the skillful craftsmanship of Todas of Nilgiri Hills will fascinate. Their pastoral way of life clearly brings out the beauty in simplicity. In Central India, in the picturesque Jharkhand, you will get to see the Santhals and the tribals of Bastar. The Santhals are one of the oldest tribals living in India. Again, the north-eastern tribes of India are known for their traditional songs and dances, their colorful handmade clothing and intricately woven bamboo handicrafts. There are often more to be seen than what meet the eyes. The tribal society is always a thing of great interest. With a well chalked out tour to any of these places you will be able to explore the roots of a multicultural and multilingual India, where unity in diversity is the essence of national spirit.
The people of Muria tribe are inhabitants of Bastar district in the state of Chhattisgarh. They are relatively prosperous when compared to other tribes in the district. They are self sufficient in producing chickpeas, dal and lentils. The tribe follows pre-marital sex. The youth are expected to engage in sexual activities while they are discouraged to become emotionally attached to the sex partner. The Muria tribe worships village and clan deities.