Magical Chattisgarh

Chattisgarh : The Ethno Tourism Capital of India

Chhattisgar is a state of east-central India. It is bounded by the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand to the north and northeast, Odisha (Orissa) to the east, Telangana (formerly part of Andhra Pradesh) to the south, and Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to the west. Its capital is Raipur.

Chhattisgarh translation: Thirty-Six Forts is one of the 28 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country. It is the ninth-largest state in India, with an area of 135,192 km2 (52,198 sq mi), with a population of 32.2 million as of 2020. Chhattisgarh is the 17th-most populated state in the country.

The state was formed on 1 November 2000 by partitioning ten Chhattisgarhi and six Gondi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh. Chhattisgarh borders the states of Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in northeast, Maharashtra in the southwest, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh in the south, and Odisha in the southeast.


An Experience Extraordinaire

Ancient Caves

The hilly terrain and forests of the virgin Kanger Valley National Park, in the epicentre of the tribal Bastar district, house a number of ancient caves.

The Caves are closed during the monsoons and for some time thereafter. They normally open around the time of Bastar Lokotsav. Guides take tourists in and out safely. However, it is advised that children below 8 years, those above 60 years, and those suffering from claustrophobia avoid the Caves. Wear walking shoes with a sturdy grip as the floor is often uneven and occasionally slippery.

A nominal entrance fee is charged. This covers the cost of the guide who takes you in and out of the Caves and also provides a torch.


Chhattisgarh has India’s finest waterfalls, comparable to the best in the world. Some of them are:

Chitrakot Waterfall Tiratgarh Waterfall Mandawa Waterfall Chitrashara Waterfall Thamada Ghumar Waterfall Mendri Ghoomar Waterfall Bodhghat Saath Dhara, Dantewada Malanjhkudum Waterfalls, Kanker Charre-Marre Waterfall, Kanker Amrit Dhara Waterfall, Koriya Ramdaha Waterfall, Koriya Gavar Ghat Waterfall, Koriya Akuri Nala, Koriya Pawai Waterfall, Surguj Kendai Waterfall, Surguj Rajpuri Waterfall, Jashpur Danpuri Waterfall, Jashpur Rani Dah Waterfall, Jashpur.


A number of Chhatisgarh’s 16 districts were formerly princely states, leaving a legacy of picturesque palaces. Some famous palaces are:

  • Palace Kawardha, Kawardha
  • Kanker Palace, Kanker
  • Bastar Palace, Bastar


In ancient times, Chhattisgarh was the region known as Dakshin Koshal, which finds mention in both the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Over time it was ruled by a succession of Hindu dynasties, and they have left it a legacy of temples, ranging from modest to imposing. Some of the temples are:

Laxman Temple and Gandheswar Temple, Sirpur Barsoor Danteshwari Temple, Dantewada Shivani Temple, Kanker Chandi Temples, Dongargarh Mahamaya Temple, Surguj Kudargarh, Surguj Shankar Temple, Deepadih, Surguj Vishnu Mandir, Janjgir Champa Pithampur Shiv Mandir, Janjgir Champa Madanpurgarh Devi Mandir, Janjgir Champa Ghatadai (Paharia) Tripur Sundar Devi, Janjgir Champa Shivarinarayan Laxminarayan Temple, Janjgir Champa Kharud Nagar Laxmaneshwar Temple, Janjgir Champa Turridham Shiva Temple, Janjgir Champa Adbhar Ashtbhuji Temple, Janjgir Champa Chandrahasini Devi Temple, Janjgir Champa Ganga Maiya Temple, Durg Temples of Ratanpur Mallhar (Saravpur) Talagram Champaran Rajim

Tribal Culture

of chattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is home to many tribes. In fact, the state has India’s oldest tribal communities, and it is safe to assume that the earliest tribals have been living in Bastar for over 10,000 years, since the time the Aryans occupied the Indian mainland and the rich plains became (a) war-infested and (b) de-forested for agriculture.

The main tribes in Chhattisgarh are:

Bastar – Gond, Abujmaria , Bisonhorn Maria, Muria, Halba, Bhatra, Parja, Dhurvaa Dantewara – Muriya, Dandami Mariya or Gond, Dorla, Halba Koriya – Kol, Gond, Bhunjia Korba – Korwa, Gond, Rajgond, Kawar, Bhaiyana, Binjwar, Dhanwar Bilaspur and Raipur – Parghi, Savra, Manji, Bhayna Gariabandh, Mainpur, Dhura, Dhamtari – Kamar Surguja and Jashpur – Munda

Chhattisgarh contains the source of one of the most important rivers of the South Asian peninsula—the Mahanadi. This river originates in a village near Raipur. It flows westward for about 125 miles (200 kms) and meets the Shivnath River about 8 miles (13 kms) from Bilaspur. Thereafter it flows toward the east and enters Odisha, ultimately emptying into the Bay of Bengal. Among the other rivers that drain Chhattisgarh are the Indravati, Arpa and Pairi.

This newest state is located on the oldest rocks of the Indian subcontinent. Here one can find the Archaean granites and gneisses and the Gondwana formations dating back to 250-300 million years bearing coal deposits. Also can be found an old Deccan Trap, formed from volcanic basalt flows capped with laterite that dates back to 65 million years. About 100 miles (160 kms) wide, the Chhattisgarh plain is bounded by the Chota Nagpur plateau to the north, the Maikal range to the west, the hills of Raigarh to the northeast, the Raipur upland to the southeast and the Bastar plateau to the south. These highlands comprise mostly erosional plateau forms reaching an elevation of more than 2,300 feet (700 metres) in the Maikal range and the Dandakaranya hills. The Maikal hills coincide the Vindhyas and the Satpura, extending 1430 sq kms. Its elevation is highest at Lafagarh standing tall at 1067 m, 75 kms north of Bilaspur. On the north-east and the Raipur uplands to the south-east is the Raigarh hill. The plains run out in the formerly princely state of Kanker on the south, beyond which is the Keshkal ghats.

Chhattisgarh known as the rice bowl of India and is immensely rich in natural resources. There are dense forests on the south, Maikal Hills on the north-east and the River Mahanadi on the east. The biggest occupation providing sector to the state is agriculture. Chhattisgarh is also referred as the richest biodiversity habitats in the country and consist of several species of exotic flora and fauna and abundant nontimber forest products, with tremendous potential for value addition. Chhattisgarh is the tenth largest state in India and is also an important electricity and steel producing state of India.

Outlined but it has been traced that Lord Ram stayed here during his exile days and the region was referred as Dakshin Koshala in the ancient times. During the Mughal reign, it was called the Ratanpur territory. Experts believed that various versions of the name Chhattisgarh including ‘Chattighar’, and ‘Chedisghar’ came into being, owing to the heavy influence of the caste system in those ages. The earliest clue from the historical era is an Ashokan stone inscription of 257 BC at Rupnath north of Jabalpur. But regardless to all this, the unbroken history of Chhattisgarh or South Koshala can be traced back only from the 4th century AD. Between the 6th and 12th centuries AD the Sarabhpurias, Panduvanshi, Somvanshi, Kalchuri and Nagvanshi rulers dominated this region. In the medieval period, the region came to be known as Gondwana and became the part of the kingdom of the Kalchuris who ruled the region till the end of the 18th century AD. The Muslim chroniclers of the 14th century AD have described well about the dynasties that ruled over the region. The region also came under the suzerainty of the Mughal Empire around the 16th century and later to the Marathas in 1745. The first ruler of state was the Satavahanas, who have ruled during the 2nd – 4th century AD. The Satvahana king Mahendra was defeated by Samudragupta in 4th century AD. The next ruler who ruled the region was the Panduvanshi whose king Mahashivagupta Balarjuna is famous for freeing his country. It was during 595-655 AD, during his reign Hieun Tsang visited Dakshin Koshala. During his visit, he wrote, ‘This country was more than 6000 li (3000000 m) in circuit and was surrounded by mountains and was a succession of woods and marshes, its capital being above 40 li (1li equals approx 500m) in circuit. The soil of the country was rich and fertile, the people were prosperous, the king was a Kshatriya by birth, a Buddhist in religion and of noted benevolence.’

Explore Tribal Chattisgarh